LAYOUT OF ASSESSED WORK
▪ All work will normally be word-processed.
▪ The main text should be double-spaced; the footnotes and bibliography should be single-spaced.
▪ Font size for text should be 12pt; for footnotes 10pt. Times New Roman “justified” text layout
▪ 1inch margins.
▪ The title page should record the essay question, panther id, class code and title, and the date.
▪ The bibliography should begin on a separate page at the end of the essay.
▪ Use footnotes rather than endnotes.
▪ Footnote markers should be numerical and superscript (e.g. …as Smith had argued.1); footnotes
should run consecutively throughout the essay.
▪ All pages, including the title page and bibliography, should be numbered consecutively.
▪ A running header containing the essay question only (abbreviated if practical) is useful, but not
▪ Use quotation marks and correct footnote citations with page numbers to protect yourself from
being accused of plagiarism
▪ Quotations of three lines or fewer should run on in the text and be enclosed in quotation marks.
Quotations of more than three lines should be inset and single-spaced, without quotation
▪ Matter inserted into a quotation to clarify a point should be enclosed in square brackets, e.g. ‘he
[Lord George Sackville] left the House amid loud cheers.’
▪ Word limit: Word limits include footnotes and appendices, if any, but not the bibliography.
▪ Review for errors of spelling and grammar—this is a formal written report!
• Use MS Word’s spelling and grammar check functions.
• Before submission on Canvas, I highly recommend that you read your work out loud (or
have someone read it to you) in order to catch any typographical or grammatical errors.
▪ Submit the paper online using the appropriate Turnitin link on Canvas by the deadline.
▪ The bibliography should list all material which has informed the content of the essay.
▪ All works which appear in the footnotes will also be listed in the bibliography, but the
bibliography may also contain additional works which do not appear in the footnotes.
▪ Additional books which have not directly influenced the essay must not be included in the
bibliography; in other words, do not ‘pad’ your bibliography.
▪ The bibliography should be divided into manuscript, printed primary, and secondary sources.
Some undergraduate essays will contain only one section for secondary sources.
▪ Internet addresses in the bibliography can be given under the author’s name if appropriate.
Otherwise, list them under a subheading of ‘Internet sources’.
▪ In all sections the works should be listed alphabetically by author. Works by the same author
should be listed alphabetically by title under his/her name.
Essays require that you interpret primary source evidence in historical context, drawing from the
assigned course readings. All of your papers must:
▪ closely analyze and describe primary sources using specifics and details;
▪ use scholarly secondary source texts for evidence about the historical context;
▪ select evidence to prove a thesis;
▪ draw conclusions beyond those that are immediately obvious from the evidence;
▪ write a paper that has a clear thesis, evidence organized into logical paragraphs, and a
▪ use correctly formatted footnote citations.
Essays should also:
▪ Consider different perspectives on a problem or controversy related to Modern British
History and attempt to reach a resolution about it. (Global Engagement)
▪ Appreciate that British history cannot be understood in isolation from people and events
from around the world. (Global Awareness)
▪ Recognize that history is comprised of multiple stories, representing diverse experiences
and perspectives (Global Perspective)
▪ Construct an evidence-based argument that integrates multiple perspectives on an issue in
Modern British History. (Global Perspective)