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Other / Humanities

Upload your paper to canvas by the end of the final exam time.

You will be writing on at least three works:
-Purple Hibiscus
Les Misérables
One other major work of your choice from this semester (choose from Hamlet, Death and the King’s Horseman, The Elephant Man, Animal Farm, Red Scarf Girl, To Live, Amandla! A Revolution in Four-Part Harmony)
Write an original comparative essay on at least three themes in the three works you choose.
Be specific!! Do not give general statements, use specific examples from the texts!
This is similar to the paper you just wrote, except that there are two required works and one choice. Comparison means addressing both similarities and differences. You need to decide which you are doing and then EXPLAIN WHY you have made the choice you have.
Small example:
In Things Fall Apart and Purple Hibiscus, the fathers, Okonkwo and Papa, are disappointed in their eldest sons for slightly different reasons. Okonkwo and Papa fear that Nwoye and Jaja, respectively, will not live up to the high standards they have set. As a result, Okonkwo is derisive toward Nwoye, always criticizing him, and Papa is strict and physically abusive toward Jaja. For Okonkwo, Nwoye does not fulfill a gendered sense of identity, as eldest son, whereas his daughter, Ezinma, has the characteristics he is seeking in a son. Consequently, Okonkwo shows Ezinma much more love and affection. However, in Purple Hibiscus, Papa seems to have a more generalized fear of failure in his children, and he is equally tough on his daughter, Kambili, as he is on his son, Jaja, abusing Kambili so severely that she is hospitalized and almost dies. Both Nwoye and Jaja turn on their fathers, but in very different ways, but both strike at the heart of the issues that divide them. For the Igbo traditionalist in Okonkwo, Nwoye’s departure for missionary school and learning the ways of the British undermines Okonkwo’s sense of Igbo identity. Papa, on the other hand, supports missionary education, to the neglect of Igbo values and family, while Jaja embraces his Autie Ifeoma and his Papa-Nnukwu, and sacrifices himself for his mother at the end of the book.
This example is just a beginning, a rough publish of a body paragraph. Dig in deeper to your explanations and comparisons once you have a beginning like this one.

Think of themes we have been discussing:
How Shall I Live my Life?
Death
Family and the complexities of family relationships (parent-child relationships, marital relationships, sibling relationships, etc.)
Colonialism and its impact
Culture and religion
Identity
Voice: how, where, when do you find your voice and how to use it
Sacrifice (of yourself for a loved one: small, daily sacrifices or major life-changing sacrifices)
Nature/nurture: in what ways do our genetic make-up guide how we act and in what ways do our experiences guide how we act? (think about the differences between Papa and Auntie Ifeoma in Purple Hibiscus)
Other instructions:
You will choose the themes. (The themes should reflect the essential humanistic questions we have been discussing this semester.)
You will write your own Thesis Statement. Make sure you have a clear Thesis Statement AND that your evidence/examples support your argument!
Do NOT use quotations (or use as few and as brief quotations as possible)! For each quotation or example, make sure you explain HOW that quotation supports your thesis statement. Use YOUR OWN WORDS!!! Paraphrase and cite ideas with a parenthetical citation and page number. (Adichie, p. 99)
Before you write the paper, read these pages: Citations: my expectations for your papers and Becoming a better writer, including avoiding plagiarism
Write a 4-page paper (typed, double-spaced) (800-1000 words). The text should be in 12-point, Times New Roman font with 1-inch margins all around. Include your name and section day(s) and time at the top of the first page. Include your last name and page number on EACH page. You do not need a cover page. You DO need a title, however, that communicates your thesis statement/argument.
Make sure that your paper clearly demonstrates that you have carefully read the texts or viewed and analyzed the visual source and are able to connect them to the ideas and other works we have covered this semester. Do NOT provide a narrative that offers primarily a summary of the text(s), or mostly background information on the culture described. This is a critical analysis and comparative paper, not a narrative, not a plot summary.
Do not use outside sources!!
Proofread and correct all writing errors. Edit for grammar, punctuation, word choice, capitalization, etc. This is formal writing, not social media!! (It can be helpful to have a peer read over your paper or utilize the Writing Center.)
Upload your paper to Canvas by the end of the Final Exam time. (Your submission will go through plagiarism-detection software. If you read an idea somewhere, it is not your own, cite the author!)

Categories
Other / Humanities

What do the things he prays for say about his character?

Les Miserables
Answer two of the following questions: (Be specific, mention particular examples, but do not re-tell the story, be analytical!)
1. How does this story address fate, destiny, and luck?
2. What does this story show us about mistakes and intentions?
3. What about love? (who loves whom, what characters do for love, assumptions about love, etc)
4. What purpose does Fantine’s story serve, in reference to the entirety of the story? Is it like a fairy tale, beware of wolves, type of warning? Is it like Medieval Morality Tales? Or is it just bad luck? Look what can happen, and we have no control over it?
5. How responsible is Jean Valjean for Fantine’s situation? (Do you agree with the level of responsibility the story attributes to him?)
6. Why did the Monseigneur let Jean Valjean off the hook? Christian brotherhood? Belief in humankind? Was there something he saw in Valjean that made him think he was a “good person” who had had bad luck? Can/should we distinguish the individual person (monseigneur) from the institution of the Church?
7. How are we supposed to view Javert’s suicide? Why does he commit suicide? Does his experience with Jean Valjean show that people can change?
8. Is Éponine’s sacrifice a martyrdom? Does it stem from despair? Or from belief in the cause?
9. The film seems to portray the cause as an important one, and the youth as having integrity and courage, yet, historically, it was a completely failed effort? What should we make of that? (make sure to read The history (Links to an external site.) )
10. Music: lyrics and tune (what message is sent?) How do the songs help tell the story? Consider the tunes and the lyrics. Which tunes are the same or similar? How does that connect those pieces?
As always, the assignment requires well-written paragraphs, with topic sentences and evidence supporting your idea. (about 300 word answers, and indicate which question you are answering by using the number I assigned it above.)
purple hibiscus
Read through all of the questions in the back of the book and consider them for yourself. You can also find them here. Below are a few of them for you to choose between. Answer two of the following, thoroughly. Write 250-350 words, and indicate which question you are answering by using the number below. Explain your reasoning in depth, and try to draw connections between Purple Hibiscus and other works we have read/viewed this semester.
1. Amaka says, “Uncle Eugene is not a bad man, really. . . . People have problems, people make mistakes” [p. 251]. Is he in fact a “bad man”? Why does he violently abuse his wife and children? What good deeds does he perform? How can his generosity and political integrity coexist with his religious intolerance?
2. Eugene boasts that his Kambili and Jaja are “not like those loud children people are raising these days, with no home training and no fear of God”; to which Ade Coker replies: “Imagine what the Standard would be if we were all quiet” [p. 58]. Why is quiet obedience a questionable virtue in a country where the truth needs to be spoken? In what ways is the refusal to be quiet dangerous?
3. What kind of man is Papa-Nnukwu? What are his most appealing qualities? What do the things he prays for say about his character? Why has his son disowned him so completely?
4. Why does Kambili’s mother keep returning to her husband, even after he beats her so badly that he causes a miscarriage, and even after he nearly kills Kambili? How does she justify her husband’s behavior? How should she be judged for poisoning her husband?
5. How does Father Amadi bring Kambili to life? Why is her relationship with him so important to her sense of herself?
6. Jaja questions why Jesus had to be sacrificed, “Why did He have to murder his own son so we would be saved? Why didn’t He just go ahead and save us?” [p. 289] And yet, Jaja sacrifices himself to save his mother from prison. Why does he do this? Should this be understood as a Christian sacrifice or a simple act of compassion and bravery?
7. What does the novel as a whole say about the nature of religion? About the relationship between belief and behavior? (and then think further about identity, belief; think also about the article by Scott Peck at the beginning of the semester, religion and world view)
8. Why does Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie end the novel with an image of rain clouds? What are the implications of Kambili feeling that the clouds hung so low she “could reach out and squeeze the moisture from them”? What is the meaning of the novel’s very simple final sentence: “The new rains will come down soon”? (think about what we talked about with The Tempest and weather)

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Other / Humanities

Draw a parallel between an event in jili’s life and in fugui’s life from the film to live.

Answer at least two of the questions below and respond substantively to at least one classmate’s discussion post. (Use examples from the text to support interpretation.)
1. What are some moments in which Ji-Li feels the impact of the Cultural Revolution?
a. How do they change her view of Chairman Mao?
b. How do they change her view of her family?
2. What are the pivotal events in the memoir? And in what ways do they change Ji-Li’s life?
3. Compare Ji-Li’s questioning of her identity to other texts we have read?
4. What are some of the key questions this memoir poses?
AND
Draw a parallel between an event in JiLi’s life and in Fugui’s life from the film To Live.

Categories
Other / Humanities

Just read the book and listen to the lectures and other resources provided on canvas.

Write a 3-4 page paper (800-1000 words) following these guidelines:
(stick to this word count!! It is difficult to be concise. That is part of the exercise. I will not read past the 4th page.)
Choose at least two themes that are addressed in the works we read/watched in the last unit of the course and explain:
how that theme was addressed in the works we read in this unit
compare it with the how the theme is addressed in another work you have chosen from this unit
and make sure you explain or connect the themes with the historical context each work is about!
Also, remember you are writing for an educated audience, you must assume familiarity with the work. You are writing, in this case, for me. This is part of why you do not want to tell the plot or summarize the works: I have read them! You need to use examples and explain how your examples support your claim (TS), NOT describe a scene.
You must include all four works in your paper (but each theme does not have to be in all four, but between the two or three themes, you must have examples from all four works) You can have one theme in two works and another theme in the two other works or one theme in three works and another theme in two works, in which case you have mentioned one work more than once; that is okay. However, each theme must be compared: you cannot have one theme in one work.
So, for example, you could address the use of education in governmental oppression in Animal Farm and Amandla! and the importance of family in the midst of the Cultural Revolution in To Live and Red Scarf Girl.
You also must have a Thesis Statement!
Reminder, our works in this unit include:
Animal Farm
Red Scarf Girl
Film: To Live
Documentary: Amandla! A Revolution in Four-Part Harmony

Use your own words!! (paraphrase and explain rather than quoting, and no outside sources, as always: your ideas!)
You must have a Thesis Statement, a claim for each theme.
For example, you can argue that the performance (of music or reciting sayings) foster the creation of a community and a communal narrative (and then provide specific examples.)

There are many themes to consider, some include:
Revolution and its impact on people’s lives
Family (Marriage and relationships, children)
Construction of community
Identity (think about the construction of identity in relation to community)
Performance
What is versus what seems
Political change
Societal change
How to live your life in midst of change
The role of the artist in society
Vulnerability
Education/literacy
Please see the rubric below for how it will be graded!
You will write a 3-4 page paper. Be extra careful with USING YOUR OWN WORDS! Make sure you cite examples, using a parenthetical citation like this (Orwell, p. 56). Preferably do not use quotations, paraphrase and explain in your own words! But if you use quotations, make sure you cite them, too! If you are using a version of the text that is different from the one I assigned (different ISBN number), you must also include a Works Cited page with the bibliographic information of the text that you used.
The films should be cited with parenthetical citations and minute time stamp where the example is shown, like this:
“Miriam Makeba spoke about the time she was a nanny to white children…” (Amandla! 29:26-29:56)
You can abbreviate in your parenthetical citations for the purpose of this paper:
Amandla!
Be as specific as possible, and explain your reasoning. Do not list moments or retell the story. Do not start with overarching generalizations: “Life is hard.” or “We all question our identity.” Yes, those are both true, but you must be specific about your analysis and your reasoning, not state vague platitudes or cliches.

This paper will go through plagiarism check software. You need to upload your paper (doc, docs, pdf).
You are NOT to Google search or use outside resources! Just read the book and listen to the lectures and other resources provided on Canvas.

Other instructions:
Write a 3-4-page paper (typed, double-spaced). The text should be in 12-point, Times New Roman font with 1-inch margins all around. Include your name and section day(s) and time at the top of the first page. You do not need a cover page. You DO need a title, however, that communicates your thesis statement/argument.
Make sure that your paper clearly demonstrates that you have carefully read the texts or viewed and analyzed the visual source and are able to connect them to the ideas and other works we have covered this semester. Do NOT provide a narrative that offers primarily a summary of the text(s), or mostly background information on the culture described. This is a critical analysis and comparative paper, not a narrative, not a plot summary.
Use as few and as brief quotations as possible! If you do use quotations, make sure you explain HOW that quotation supports your thesis statement! Use YOUR OWN WORDS to explain!!! Paraphrase and cite ideas

Categories
Other / Humanities

Or

Submit both the visual and the written work through Canvas.
Students may create ANY original work of art that interprets one scene* from Hamlet. This includes, but is not limited to:
Poem
Painting or sketch
Cartoon
Journal entry
OR
Students may write their own skit in a very particular and recognizable style (e.g. Valley Girl, mobsters, Southern, etc) that demonstrates an understanding of a scene from Hamlet. Students may not simply use their own contemporary phrasing, they must put it in another very specific style. Students who choose this option must record themselves reading/performing their scene and upload that as well.
This assignment may NOT be something that is about the entire play, rather go in depth about one scene.
Students must also write a paragraph explaining the meaning of their creation.
This must be a creative work! It must be YOUR work!
You must provide the meaning and significance of the moment!
Do NOT just write a paragraph explaining what happens in the scene!! This is interpretive, not synopsis or plot summary.
The goal is to demonstrate that you have understood the scene in question and its relationship to the rest of the play. You must demonstrate a particular interpretation that is similar to or challenges the interpretations we have discussed in class, but you must make it clear why you have chosen that interpretation. There must be text of the play that serves as evidence for your interpretation. You should also be prepared to explain the larger significance of the scene or main concept you are addressing. That is, not just in the context of Hamlet, but in relation to other works we have read, or life experience.

Categories
Other / Humanities

Organize your thoughts, examples

Choose ONE of the topics below and write a 3-4 page paper (800-1000 words).
Instructions:
Write a paper of 3-4 pages (typed, double-spaced) that answers the questions on that topic. The text should be in 12-point, Times New Roman font with 1-inch margins all around. Include your name and section day(s) and time at the top of the first page. Include your last name and page number on EACH page. You do not need a cover page. You DO need a title, however, that communicates your topic and argument.
Make sure that your paper clearly demonstrates that you have read the required texts and understood lectures and class discussions. Cite references to any of the texts. Please do not use any sources other than those required. (Using any other sources will be considered academic dishonesty. That includes Googling the topics!) Your paper should be a detailed critical analysis, not a “report” or straight narrative that offers primarily a summary of the text(s), or mostly background information on the culture described, or a discussion of the author(s). Such a “report” will not be acceptable for a passing grade.
Do NOT use quotations (or use as few and as brief quotations as possible)! Use YOUR OWN WORDS!!! Paraphrase and cite ideas with a parenthetical citation and page number. (Hesse, p. 99)
Topics: Choose ONE of the following! Make sure your Thesis Statement clearly indicates which topic you are writing on!

What concepts of Buddhism and the process of enlightenment does Herman Hesse show in the novel Siddhartha? Mention at least three major Buddhist concepts and explain how the novel demonstrates them with specific examples.
Who influenced Siddhartha toward enlightenment and how? In what way(s) did they influence him? Make sure you explain how the influence is related to enlightenment and Buddhism! Your answer should include a discussion of at least three other characters described in the novel Siddhartha by Herman Hesse.

Recommended Process for writing:
Organize your thoughts, examples
Make an outline
Structure:
Intro: Begin with Topic Sentence or Thesis Statement; This is your argument, your point that you will back up with examples. Make sure to draw the reader in and transition to your examples.
Paragraph A.
Paragraph B.
Paragraph C.
Conclusion: wrap up

Categories
Other / Humanities

I have of late, and wherefore i know not, lost all my mirth.… what a piece of work is a man!

Write a 3-4 page paper (800-1000 words) following these guidelines:
(stick to this word count!! It is difficult to be concise. That is part of the exercise. I will not read past the 4th page.)
Choose two quotations from two different books from the options below and write an essay that connects the quotations through a deep dive into the specific meaning in each play, as well as a comparison between the plays.
You must answer the questions below and make sure to significantly discuss all three books in your essay!
You must have a Thesis Statement, and this is a formal essay (not just answering the questions)
A. “Seems”, Madam? Nay it is. I know not “seems”.
B. I have of late, and wherefore I know not, lost all my mirth.… What a piece of work is a man! How noble in reason! How infinite in faculty!…
C. Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue.
D. A villain kills my father, and for that, I, his sole son, do this same villain send to heaven…
E. To be, or not to be, that is the question;
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;
No more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to…
F. Words, words, words

A. When the illusion ended, he had to kill himself.
B. If your mercy is so cruel, what do you have for justice?
C. He was thus denied all means of escape from his tormentors.
D. Rules make us happy because they are for our own good.
E. It’s okay to see them naked if you cut them up afterward.
F. Because it is your standards we abide by.
G. …as he’s achieved greater and greater normality, his condition’s edged him closer to the grave.
H. Yet he makes all of us think he is deeply like ourselves.

and answer the following questions and then connect your quotations

What is the context of the quotation?
Which play/novel? (free points, do not miss them by not mentioning which book the quotation came from!)
Who is speaking?
To whom is s/he speaking?
What is the context of the scene? (e.g. what has just happened that is relevant)
What is the literal meaning of the quotation in its context?
What might we take as the greater meaning within the text?
What might we take as the greater meaning, more universally? How does it connect to other questions and themes we have read about this semester? Make a specific comparison with a similar idea or theme in another text from this unit and the one before: Death and the King’s Horseman, Hamlet, The Elephant Man