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Please reply to A with 200 words
Before I dive into answering this question, I will start by defining qualitative research. Qualitative research is a study that gathers perspectives of individuals and desires to draw conclusions from the sample group that is being studied. Qualitative research also determines the meaning of a situation using description. The methods used to gather qualitative information are interviews, observation and focus groups. In qualitative research, interviews permit the patient partner to give elaborate information about their experiences. Even though qualitative research is not commonly used in healthcare research, its research techniques are becoming common in the healthcare organizations with cultural and social dimensions. This is because qualitative research aims at unveiling thoughts and experiences of those being examines in response to certain questions. To determine the attributes among the research group’s participants, the findings are analyzed, sorted and presented.
There are several values and benefits that qualitative research brings to healthcare. They are as follows: First and foremost, qualitative research help in giving firsthand documentation of patient experiences. Information is got directly from the patient and therefore it assists the healthcare researchers to detect what matters most to the patients. Secondly, this research method also provides an overview of multiple suggestions that can be used for improvement of patient care.
Another benefit or value of qualitative research is that it provides the ability to determine common issues and desires connected with the quality of patient care and the opportunity of chance to pinpoint obstacles to growth and change. In addition to this, the value of qualitative research in health care is that it gives extremely detailed and personal stories of individual experiences. This detailed description of the research assists subsequent researcher regenerate or enlarge on the conducted research thus enabling continuous developments by collecting and analyzing the patient’s perspectives (Johnson & Waterfield, 2004).
Qualitative research affects clinical decisions in multiple ways. They are as follows: Qualitative research authorizes the nursing community to acknowledge various factors that may need to be improved on in healthcare to promote quality patient care (Lutzern, 2017). For example, through the qualitative research method, the research may reflect as to whether nurses have enough time for patients or not. This is a factor that can lead to making changes in the patient to nurse ratios so as to provide nurses with more to attend to every patient thus influencing nursing practice or healthcare delivery. Another way in which qualitative research influences the nursing practice and healthcare delivery is that it helps healthcare organizations make changes on how healthcare services are given to patients to take care of the patient’s needs. For example, assuming the research findings showed that the patients felt that their spiritual beliefs were being overlooked when receiving treatment, this would push the healthcare provider to adjust and focus the process of care to accommodate the cultural and spiritual believes of the patient thus influencing nursing practice or healthcare delivery.
In a nutshell, there are very many reasons in which qualitative research is beneficial and valuable in nursing practice. Some of the reasons are that it provides first-hand information about the feelings of the participants, affects decision-making of healthcare providers by for example showing nurses what works for patients and what does not thus assisting in improving the quality and also ensure that the patient satisfaction is met.
Johnson, R., & Waterfield, J. (2004). Making words count: the value of qualitative research. Physiotherapy research international, 9(3), 121-131.
Lützén, K. (2017). The value of qualitative methods in prioritized healthcare research.175-176. Pope, C. M., Nicholas. (2020). Qualitative Research in HealthCare. New York: Wiley-Blackwell
Please reply to B with 200 words
The use of qualitative research is crucial when it comes to making clinical decisions. One fundamental goal in nursing is to treat the whole patient. This means that as healthcare providers, we must strive to pay attention to the mental, physical and emotional needs of patients. Some common techniques for qualitative research are interviews and observations. Since nurses are trained at assessing and treating symptoms, sometimes a lot of focus is placed only with the physical needs. If we observe all areas it may be easier to recognize some similarities among patients within a group setting. It is important to observe all the needs of the patient. “Qualitative researchers study phenomena and events in their natural settings, often interpreting them in terms of the subjective meanings attached by the individual.”(Pope 2002) It is also important to establish a good, working rapport with patients for many reasons. One of the main reasons is that your patient feels comfortable enough to share thoughts and ask questions pertaining to their medical issues. This is the type of relationship which will allow us to gain knowledge of the patient’s true thoughts and feelings. With that being said, it is equally important to not judge the patient when they choose to share information about how they feel.We may know how to care for someone clinically based on an assessment but by listening we may actually learn what has triggered an illness or in some cases what is delaying improvement of health status. For example, let’s say it has been observed that there is a direct correlation of mothers who are suddenly hospitalized that develop increased anxiety once admitted. Use of qualitative research could create focus groups and gather information by use of a narrative analysis. Perhaps the outcome would be improving hospital accommodations such as implementing family rooms for single mothers or development of an in house “Mommy” support group.This could help us be a little more empathetic or assist with how we provide care while helping relieve anxiety, which can help patients heal quicker. It would also address the patient’s mental and emotional needs.When doing qualitative research the goal will be to focus on a group of people that may have had some shared experiences during a medical crisis. “Qualitative methods are designed to yield detailed and holistic views of the phenomena under study.” (Pope 2002) Listening is a very useful tool and can often prove to be extremely beneficial during qualitative research. If we are able to truly listen then perhaps we can incorporate the patient’s thoughts and feelings into the plan of care and we will be better able to treat the whole patient.
Pope, C., Van Royen, P., & Baker, R. (2002). Qualitative methods in research on healthcare quality. BMJ Quality & Safety, 11(2), 148-152.